Mexico’s president said Monday he will propose guaranteeing group pensions adjacent to their afloat salaries astatine nan clip they retire, thing done by nary different country, not moreover those overmuch richer than Mexico.
It was among a raft of 20 law reforms that President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has almost nary dream of getting passed successful nan 8 months he has near successful office, but which could beryllium portion of a bid to pull voters successful the June 2 statesmanlike elections.
It whitethorn beryllium conscionable electioneering: López Obrador leaves agency successful September, and he really wants his party’s candidate, erstwhile Mexico City politician Claudia Sheinbaum, to triumph nan statesmanlike elections. He apparently hopes nan committedness of full-wage pensions could besides thief triumph his Morena statement nan two-thirds mostly successful Congress it needs to amend nan Constitution.
But analysts opportunity it whitethorn besides beryllium an effort to group nan schedule for nan adjacent management by saddling immoderate early president from Morena pinch precocious — and costly — expectations.
“It’s an predetermination year, truthful each these betterment initiatives tin beryllium seen arsenic thing to get group to ballot for Morena,” said Gabriela Siller, nan head of study astatine Nuevo Leon-based Banco Base. But she notes it is besides “a measurement of mounting nan governmental schedule for nan adjacent administration, a measurement of placing his imprint connected nan adjacent administration.”
For nan moment, López Obrador doesn’t person nan votes successful Congress to get nan reforms passed, fixed that they require a two-thirds ballot to amend nan Constitution, and guidance parties are not apt to spell on pinch it successful nan fewer months he has near successful office.
For example, he wants nan National Guard — now Mexico’s main rule enforcement agency — handed complete to nan army, a alteration Congress has already rejected. He besides wants to e liminate astir authorities regulatory and oversight agencies.
In announcing nan measures Monday, nan president claimed it was an effort “to retrieve beatified rights, guaranteed to Mexicans by God.” It was among a package of reforms that included guaranteed yearly increases successful payments to nan aged and increases successful nan minimum costs and supra nan complaint of inflation.
The betterment proposals besides included guaranteed entree to nan internet, a full prohibition connected fracking, open-pit mining, GM corn, cruelty to animals and vaping pens.
López Obrador has made different unfulfilled promises successful nan past, for illustration pledging Mexico would person a wellness attraction strategy “better than successful Denmark.” That is thing that has evidently not travel to walk successful Mexico’s crowded, ill-equipped hospitals, which often deficiency medications. He has besides projected recognizing nan the ’right’ of each Mexicans to ain their ain homes.
But nan costs of what López Obrador is proposing for pensions is striking. Mexico’s workforce is made up of astir 60 cardinal group and nan betterment would presumably use to each of them.
At present, Mexicans tin discontinue astatine 65, if they person worked 38 1/2 years, aliases 67 if they haven’t. But location is nary guaranteed pension payment. Apart from a fewer powerful unions representing authorities workers, location is nary authorities pension program, though López Obrador has introduced supplementary costs programs for nan aged of a mates of 100 dollars per month.
Since nan 1990s, astir half of Mexicans — those pinch general jobs — person been enrolled successful privately-managed pension costs known arsenic Afores to which they and their employers contribute. The different half of Mexicans, who activity nether nan array successful nan ‘informal’ economy, person nary pension programme astatine all.
The formal-sector Afores program, aft astir 20 years of contributions, has built up astir $325 cardinal successful pension savings, and that only covers mean pensions of astir $290 per period — little than nan minimum costs — for half nan country’s workforce.
To screen nan full organization pinch thing approaching a ‘full wage,’ López Obrador’s programme would person to summation nan Afore pension money by 2.5 times to meet nan median wage, and past double it again to screen informal workers.
It seems improbable to beryllium achieved, truthful why would López Obrador propose it? It’s besides overseas that he didn’t let his candidate, Sheinbaum, to denote nan measures, fixed that she has been struggling to build an image arsenic thing different than his loyal follower.
The president — who built nan Morena statement astir his ain image and characteristic — is successful truth acold much willing successful really he’ll spell down successful history than building a beardown aliases independent party. So carving successful chromatic nan way for nan adjacent management is charismatic for him, analysts say.
“López Obrador is presenting these reforms to group nan way for what he thinks Claudia (Sheinbaum)’s management should be,” wrote writer and expert Viri Ríos successful nan newspaper Milenio.
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